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"It is Ra,






  


"It is Ra,


Who is this?

"I am the god Tem in rising. I am the Only One. I came into
existence in Nu. I am Ra who rose in the beginning, the ruler of
this [creation]."
Who is this?
"It is Ra, when at the beginning he rose in the city of Hensu,
crowned like a king for his coronation. The Pillars of the god Shu
were not as yet created, when he was upon the steps of him that
dwelleth in Khemenu.
"I am the Great God who created himself, even Nu, who made his names
to become the Company of the Gods as gods."
Who is this?
"It is Ra, the creator of the names of his limbs, which came into
being in the form of the gods who are in the train of Ra.
"I am he who cannot be repulsed among the gods."
Who is this?
"It is Temu, the dweller in his disk, but others say that it is Ra
when he riseth in the eastern horizon of the sky.
"I am Yesterday, I know To-day."
Who is this?
"Yesterday is Osiris, and To-day is Ra, when he shall destroy the
enemies of Neb-er-tcher (the lord to the uttermost limit), and when he
shall establish as prince and ruler his son Horus.


"Others, however, say that To-day is Ra, on the day when we
commemorate the festival of the meeting of the dead Osiris with his
father Ra, and when the battle of the gods was fought, in which
Osiris, the Lord of Amentet, was the leader."
What is this?
"It is Amentet, [that is to say] the creation ofthe souls of the
gods when Osiris was leader in Set-Amentet.
"Others, however, say that it is the Amentet which Ra hath given
unto me; when any god cometh he must rise up and fight for it.
"I know the god who dwelleth therein."
Who is this?
"It is Osiris. Others, however, say that his name is Ra, and that
the god who dwelleth in Amentet is the phallus of Ra, wherewith he had
union with himself.
"I am the Benu bird which is in Anu. I am the keeper of the volume
of the book (the Tablet of Destiny) of the things which have been
made, and of the things which shall be made."
Who is this?
"It is Osiris.
"Others, however, say that it is the dead body of Osiris, and yet
others say that it is the excrement of Osiris. The things which have
been made, and the things which shall be made [refer to] the dead body
of Osiris. Others again say that the things which have been made are
Eternity, and the things which shall be made are Everlastingness,
and that Eternity is the Day, and Everlastingness the Night.
"I am the god Menu in his coming forth; may his two plumes be set on
my head for me."
Who is this?
"Menu is Horis, the Advocate of his father [Osiris], and his
coming forth means his birth. The two plumes on his head are Isis
and Nephthys, when these goddesses go forth and set themselves
thereon, and when they act as his protectors, and when they provide
that which his head lacketh.
"Others, however, say that the two plumes are the two exceedingly
large uraei which are upon the head of their father Tem, and there are
yet others who say that the two plumes which are upon the head of Menu
are his two eyes.
"The Osiris the scribe Ani, whose word is true, the registrar of all
the offerings which are made to the gods, riseth up and cometh into
his city."
What is this [city]?
"It is the horizon of his father Tem.
"I have made an end of my shortcomings, and I have put away my
faults."
What is this?
"It is the cutting of the navel string of the body of the Osiris the
scribe Ani, whose word is true before all the gods, and all his faults
are driven out.

What is this ?

"It is the purification [of Osiris] on the day of his birth.
"I am purified in my great double nest which is in Hensu on the
day of the offerings of the followers of the Great God who dwelleth
therein."
What is the "great double nest"?
"The name of one nest is 'Millions of years,' and 'Great Green
[Sea]' is the name of the other, that is to say 'Lake of Natron' and
'Lake of Salt.'
"Others, however, say the name of the one is 'Guide of Millions of
Years,' and that 'Great Green Lake' is name of the other. Yet others
say that 'Begetter of Millions of Years' is the name of one, and
'Great Green Lake' is the name of the other. Now, as concerning the
Great God who dwelleth therein, it is Ra himself.
"I pass over the way, I know the head of the Island of Maati."
What is this?
"It is Ra-stau, that is to say, it is the gate to the South of
Nerutef, and it is the Northern Gate of the Domain (Tomb of the god).
"Now, as concerning the Island of Maati, it is Abtu.
"Others, however, say that it is the way by which Father Tem
travelleth when he goeth forth to Sekhet-Aaru, [the place] which
produceth the food and sustenance of the gods who are [in] their
shrines.
"Now the Gate Tchesert is the Gate of the Pillars of Shu, that is to
say, the Northern Gate of the Tuat.
"Others, however, say that the Gate of Tchesert is the two leaves of
the door through which the god Tem passeth when he goeth forth to
the eastern horizon of the sky.
"O ye gods who are in the presence [of Osiris], grant to me your
arms, for I am the god who shall come into being among you."
Who are these gods?
"They are the drops of blood which came forth from the phallus of Ra
when he went forth to perform his own mutilitation. These drops of
blood sprang into being under the forms of the gods Hu and Sa, who are
in the bodyguard of Ra, and who accompany the god Tem daily and
every day.
"I, Osiris the scribe Ani, whose word is truth, have filled for thee
the utchat (the Eye of Ra, or of Horus), when it had suffered
extinction on the day of the combat of the Two Fighters (Horus and
Set)."
What was this combat?
It was the combat which took place on the day when Horus fought with
Set, during which Set threw filth in the face of Horus, and Horus
crushed the genitals of Set. The filling of the utchat Thoth performed
with his own fingers.
"I remove the thunder-cloud from the sky when there is a storm
with thunder and lightning therein."
What is this?
"This storm was the raging of Ra at the thunder-cloud which [Set]
sent forth against the Right Eye of Ra (the Sun). Thoth removed the
thunder-cloud from the Eye of Ra, and brought back the Eye living,
healthy, sound, and with no defect in it to its owner.


"Others, however, say that the thunder-cloud is caused by sickness
in the Eye of Ra, which weepeth for its companion Eye (the Moon); at
this time Thoth cleanseth the Right Eye of Ra.
"I behold Ra who was born yesterday from the thighs of the goddess
Mehurt; his strength is my strength, and my strength is his strength."
Who is this?
"Mehurt is the great Celestial Water, but others say that Mehurt
is the image of the Eye of Ra at dawn at his birth daily.
"[Others, however, say that] Mehurt is the utchat of Ra.
"Now Osiris the scribe Ani, whose word is truth, is a very great one
among the gods who are in the following of Horus; they say that he
is the prince who loveth his lord."
Who are the gods who are in the train of Horus?
"[They are] Kesta, Hapi, Taumutef, and Qebhsenuf.
"Homage to you, O ye lords of right and truth, ye sovereign
princes (Tchatcha) who [stand] round about Osiris, who do away utterly
sins and offences, and who are in the following of the goddess
Hetepsekhus, grant ye that I may come unto you. Destroy ye all the
faults which are within me, even as ye did for the Seven Spirits who
are among the followers of their lord Sepa. Anpu (Anubis) appointed to
them their places on the day [when he said unto them], "Come ye
hither."
Who are the "lords of right and truth"?
"The lords of right and truth are Thoth and Astes, the Lord of
Amentet.
"The Tchatcha round about Osiris are Kesta, Hapi, Tuamutef, and
Qebhsenuf, and they are also round about the Constellation of the
Thigh (the Great Bear), in the northern sky.
"Those who do away utterly sins and offences, and who are in the
following of the goddess Hetepsekhus, are the god Sebek and his
associates who dwell in the water.
"The goddess Hetepsekhus is the Eye of Ra.
"Others, however, say that it is the flame which accompanieth Osiris
to burn up the souls of his enemies.
"As concerning all the faults which are in Osiris, the registrar
of the offerings which are made unto all the gods, Ani, whose word
is truth, [these are all the offences which he hath committed
against the Lords of Eternity] since he came forth from his mother's
womb.
"As concerning the Seven Spirits who are Kesta, Hapi, Tuamutef,
Qebhsenuf, Maa-atef, Kheribeqef and Heru-khenti-en-ariti, these did
Anubis appoint to be protectors of the dead body of Osiris.
"Others, however, say that he set them round about the holy place of
Osiris.
"Others say that the Seven Spirits [which were appointed by
Anubis] were Netcheh-netcheh, Aatqetqet, Nertanef-besef-khenti-hehf,
Aq-her-ami-unnut-f, Tesher-ariti-ami-Het-anes,
Ubes-her-per-em-khetkhet, and Maaem-kerh-annef-em-hru.
"The chief of the Tchatcha (sovereign princes) who is in Naarutef is
Horus, the Advocate of his father.
"As concerning the day wherein [Anubis said to the Seven Spirits],
'Come ye hither,' [the allusion here] is to the words 'Come ye
hither,' which Ra spake unto Osiris."
Verily may these same words be said unto me in Amentet.

Who is this Divine Soul?


"I am the Divine Soul which dwelleth in the Divine Twin-gods."
Who is this Divine Soul?
"It is Osiris. [When] he goeth into Tetu, and findeth there the Soul
of Ra, the one god embraceth the other, and two Divine Souls spring
into being within the Divine Twin-gods."
APPENDIX
APPENDIX
(From the Papyrus of Nebseni, Brit. Mus. No. 9900, Sheet 14, ll.
16ff.)
"As concerning the Divine Twin-gods they are Heru-netch-her-tefef
and Heru-khent-en-Ariti (Horus the Advocate of his father [Osiris],
and Horus the sightless).
"Others say that the double Divine Soul which dwelleth in the Divine
Twin-gods is the Soul of Ra and the Soul of Osiris, and yet others say
that it is the Soul which dwelleth in Shu, and the Sould which
dwelleth in Tefnut, and that these two Souls form the double Divine
Soul which dwelleth in Tetu.
"I am the Cat which fought near the Persea Tree in Anu on the
night when the foes of Neb-er-tcher were destroyed."
Who is this Cat?
"This male Cat is Ra himself, and he was called 'Mau' because of the
speech of the god Sa, who said concerning him: 'He is like (mau)
unto that which he hath made'; therefore, did the name of Ra become
'Mau.'
"Others, however, say that the male Cat is the god Shu, who made
over the possessions of Keb to Osiris.
"As concerning the fight which took place near the Persea Tree in
Anu [these words have reference to the slaughter] of the children of
rebellion, when righteous retribution was meted out to them for [the
evil] which they had done.
"As concerning the 'night of the battle,' [these words refer to] the
invasion of the eastern portion of the heaven by the children of
rebellion, whereupon a great battle arose in heaven and in all the
earth.
"O thou who art in thine egg (Ra,) who showest from thy Disk, who
risest on thy horizon, and dost shine with golden beams in the
height of heaven, like unto whom there is none among the gods, who
sailest above the Pillars of Shu, who sendest forth blasts of fire
from thy mouth, [who illuminest the Two Lands with thy splendour,
deliver] thou Nebseni, the lord of fealty [to Osiris], from the god
whose form is hidden, and whose eyebrows are like unto the two arms of
the Balance on the night when the sentences of doom are promulgated."
Who is this invisible god?
"It is An-a-f (he who bringeth his arm.).
"As concerning 'the night when the sentences of doom are
promulgated,' it is the night of the burning of the damned, and of the
overthrow of the wicked at the Block, and of the slaughter of souls."
Who is this [slaughterer of souls]?
"It is Shesmu, the headsman of Osiris.
"[Concerning the invisible god] some say that he is Aapep when he
riseth up with a head bearing upon it [the feather of] Maat (Truth).
But others say that he is Horus when he riseth up with two heads,
whereon one beareth [the feather of] Maat, and the other [the symbol


of] wickedness. He bestoweth wickedness on him that worketh
wickedness, and right and truth upon him that followeth
righteousness and truth.
"Others say that he is Heru-ur (the Old Horus), who dwelleth in
Sekhem; others say that he is Thoth; others say that he is
Nefer-Tem; and others say that he is Sept who doth bring to nought the
acts of the foes of Nebertcher.
"Deliver thou the scribe Nebseni, whose word is truth, from the
Watchers, who carry murderous knives, who possess cruel fingers, and
who would slay those who are in the following of Osiris."
May these Watchers never gain the mastery over me, and may I never
fall under their knives!
Who are these Watchers?
"They are Anubis and Horus, [the latter being] in the form of
Horus the sightless. Others, however, say that they are the Tchatcha
(sovereign princes of Osiris), who bring to nought the operations of
their knives; and others say that they are the chiefs of the Sheniu
chamber.
"May their knives never gain the mastery over me. May I never fall
under the knives wherewith they inflict cruel tortures. For I know
their names, and I know the being, Matchet, who is among them in the
House of Osiris. He shooteth forth rays of light from his eye, being
himself invisible, and he goeth round about heaven robed in the flames
which come from his mouth, commanding Hapi, but remaining invisible
himself. May I be strong on earth before Ra, may I arrive safely in
the presence of Osiris. O ye who preside over your altars, let not
your offerings to me be wanting, for I am one of those who follow
after Nebertcher, according to the writings of Khepera. Let me fly
like a hawk, let me cackle like a goose, let me lay always like the
serpent-goddess Neheb-ka."
Who are those who preside over their altars?
"Those who preside over their altars are the similitude of the Eye
of Ra, and the similitude of the Eye of Horus.
"O Ra-Tem, thou Lord of the Great House [in Anu], thou Sovereign
(life, strentgh, health [be to thee]) of all the gods, deliver thou
the scribe Nebseni, whose word is truth, from the god whose face is
like unto that of a greyhound, whose brows are like those of a man,
who feedeth upon the dead, who watcheth at the Bend of the Lake of
Fire, who devoureth the bodies of the dead, and swalloweth hearts, and
who voideth filth, but who himself remaineth unseen."
Who is this greyhound-faced god?
"His name is 'Everlasting Devourer,' and he liveth in the Domain [of
Fire] (the Lake of Unt).
"As concerning the Domain of Fire, it is that Aat which is in
Naarutef, and is near the Sheniu chamber. The sinner who walketh
over this place falleth down among the knives [of the Watchers].
"Others, however, say that the name of this god is 'Mates,' and that
he keepeth watch over the door of Amentet; others say that his name is
'Beba,' and that he keepeth watch over the Bend [of the stream] of
Amentet, and yet others say that his name is 'Herisepef.'
"Hail, Lord of Terror, Chief of the Lands of the South and North,
thou Lord of the Desert, who dost keep prepared the block of
slaughter, and who dost feed on the intestines [of men]!"
Who is this Lord of Terror?

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